For most people varicose veins and spider veins, a common and mild variation of varicose veins, are simply a cosmetic concern. Unfortunately for others, varicose veins can cause significant discomfort and are often a sign of a more serious problem.

If you have enlarged veins readily seen under your skin, an achy or heavy feeling in your legs, pain caused by prolonged sitting or standing, or are concerned about how your legs look, you should make an appointment to consult with us.

We have taken the time to answer many of our most frequently asked questions below. If you come across terminology that is unfamiliar to you, please refer to our glossary. Should you have any further questions, feel free to contact us.

What are Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins are gnarled, enlarged veins close to your skin's surface. The name varicose comes from the Latin root varix, which means twisted. Any vein may become varicose, but the most commonly affected areas are legs and feet.

What are some Signs or Symptoms of Varicose Veins?

You may have symptoms even before varicose veins appear. Signs and symptoms may include:

Occasionally, veins deep within your legs are involved. In such cases, your limbs may swell considerably. Any sudden leg swelling that may or may not be accompanied by pain and redness warrants urgent medical attention, as it may indicate a blood clot.

What are the Causes of Varicose Veins?

Arteries carry blood from your heart to the rest of your body's tissues. Veins return blood from your body to your heart so the blood can be recirculated. To return blood to your heart, the veins in your legs must work against gravity. This is accomplished by muscle contractions in your lower legs – which act as pumps – toned, elastic vein walls that help blood return and tiny one-way valves in your veins. The valves open as blood flows toward your heart and close to stop blood from flowing backward.

Varicose veins occur when the valves in your veins malfunction. As you get older your veins can lose elasticity, causing them to stretch preventing the valves from working properly. When that happens, blood that should be moving toward your heart may flow backward. Blood pools in your veins, and your veins enlarge and become varicose.

Are there any Factors that might put me at Risk for Varicose Veins?

These factors increase your risk of developing varicose veins:

When should I seek Medical Advice?

If you're concerned about how your veins look and feel, and self-care measures haven't stopped your condition from getting worse, its time to make an appointment.

How is a diagnosis made?

In making a diagnosis, we will examine your legs while you're standing and look for swelling. We will ask you to describe any pain or aching in your leg. Finally, it may be necessary to perform ultrasound tests to see if there's any evidence of a blood clot, determine the location and size of the leaking valve, and to exclude other vascular conditions as contributing to your symptoms.

What are my Treatment Options?

Endovenous laser vein treatment ( EVLT):
In this outpatient procedure, Dr. Reddy performs minimally invasive procedure to treat varicose veins with a laser catheter by ablating the affected superficial veins. After these veins are closed, blood will be redirected to healthy veins. Performed with local anesthesia and typically takes about 45 minutes.

How long will Recovery Take?

Since we make exclusive use of the most advanced and least invasive techniques available, treatment is most often administered in our office and the great majority of patients return to work and regular activities either the same day or with a 24-28 hour period.

Are there any ways to Prevent these Problems from Occurring?

There's no way to prevent varicose veins. But, improving your circulation and muscle tone can reduce the risk of getting varicose veins or getting additional ones. To improve circulation and muscle tone, follow these tips: